For medical assistance, refer to the Embassy’s, The CDC offers additional Heavily armed criminals have used grenades and assault rifles to commit crimes at banks, shopping malls, public transportation stations, and universities. would surround voting centers in opposition-leaning neighborhoods to intimidate The capital city tops lists for numbers of homicides. Police response is generally slow to crime scenes and traffic accidents; they often do not arrive until many hours after the initial call. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. For Information about crime in Caracas, Venezuela. The Embassy has previously received credible reports that individuals in official uniforms or bearing realistic (or real) credentials have been involved in the facilitation and perpetration of these crimes. following up-to-date vaccinations at least four weeks before traveling to In … U.S. citizens in Venezuela in need of assistance, or those concerned about a U.S. citizen in Venezuela, should email ACSBogota@state.gov or VenezuelaEmergencyUSC@state.gov; or call 1-888-407-4747 (from the U.S. & Canada) or +1-202-501-4444 (from Overseas). There were reports in 2019 of harassment, attacks, and forced evictions against indigenous persons living in areas included as part of former regime mining concessions. Ensure you have sufficient quantities of all medications for the duration of your stay. The extrajudicial actions of the police coincide with an increase in the lethality of the police action and a lack of professionalism. The World Economic Forum’s 2019 Global Competitiveness Report ranked Venezuela 133 out of 141 countries, and 141st (worst in the world) in intellectual property protection. The Observatory placed Venezuela’s homicide rate for 2014 at 82 per 100,000, with a total of 24,980 killings recorded for the year. If you goods based on presumed tax evasion. otherwise distributing OSAC-derived information in a manner inconsistent with this policy may result in the discontinuation of OSAC support. Do not use Public transportation workers often are unwilling to transport persons with physical disabilities, forcing them to find taxis, which were often out of their financial reach and frequently not equipped to support patrons with disabilities. Avoid fruit you cannot peel, and all raw vegetables. checked bags; instead, store such items in carry-on luggage. COMANPI can only act based on a complaint by a copyright holder; it cannot carry out an arrest or seizure on its own initiative. and depart during daylight hours when possible. OSAC encourages travelers to, to gain baseline knowledge of security conditions in Venezuela. Venezuela remained on the Priority Watch List in the U.S. Trade Representative’s 2019 Special 301 Report. These trends are likely to continue in 2017, further feeding the murder rate. Cuidad Bolívar gets a lot of press, but not a lot of positive exposure. Review OSAC’s report, , and the State Department’s webpage on security for. prevalent. receive lengthy prison sentences of usually eight to ten years. provides support for drug investigations and anti-drug operations while also Officers from local police or Bolivarian National Guard (GNB) generally staff the checkpoints. concluded that conditions in Venezuela threaten the safety and security of The Capital District (1,290), Mérida (1,255), Táchira (1,128), and Bolívar (1,054) rounded out the top five. air carrier operations. ), violent crimes (being mugged or robbed, being attacked or insulted), corruption and other crimes. cited in the report relate to questions about the consistency of domestic laws Industrial Property Law; the status of trademarks registered under the Andean Indigenous groups regularly report violent conflicts with miners and cattle ranchers over land rights. This rate is the result of three types of violence: Criminals committed 6,588 homicides, at a rate of 24 victims per 100,000 inhabitants; 5,286 deaths were caused by resistance to the government, mostly homicides committed by state security forces by excessive use of force/extrajudicial execution, with a rate of 19 victims per 100,000 inhabitants; and 4,632 deaths were of undetermined cause, officially registered as death inquiries, but mostly homicides at an estimated rate of 17 victims per 100,000 inhabitants. Stopping at checkpoints is mandatory; prepare to show vehicle registration paperwork, along with proof of insurance and an identity document (, The U.S. Department of Transportation has. In Caracas, the occasional unscheduled march through a busy Civil disruptions are common in Venezuela in general, and particularly in Caracas. private-sector security managers should, U.S. citizens in Venezuela in need The government plans to increase the size of the PNB so that it can operate across the country, but there is no clear timeline for the proposed expansion. also received occasional reports of airport officials (or individuals among the local population have deteriorated seriously and all travelers should The ELN has reportedly held victims captive on the Venezuelan side of the border in recent years, though in most cases the abduction itself has taken place in Colombia. Check with CDC or other sources for the need for malaria prophylaxis in the areas you are visiting. Along with kidnapping and smuggling operations, the ELN and FARC each uses the drug trade and gold mining to finance its operations. more information, review OSAC’s report, Security However, the FAA notice, released based on the current and airspace of Venezuela at altitudes below FL 260 by all U.S. air carriers According to the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), Venezuela has the largest proven oil reserves in the world. Interested private-sector security managers should contact OSAC’s. voters. been occasional instances of armed individuals robbing airport shuttles Civil disruptions are common Private clinics/hospitals are the only recommended facilities. Business dealings with government officials are not ideal. Review OSAC’s report, Surviving a Protest. undertaking activities that will bring you into contact with dogs, cats, bats, or other mammals). operate all across the country, but there is no clear timeline for the proposed Lootings are likely to worsen as electricity and water rationing increases on the back of nationwide power outages such as the one that lasted a week in March 2019. passing on the right and the left, and driving into the oncoming lane to get exchanges are illegal under Venezuelan foreign exchange controls. The U.S. Federal Aviation Administration In the 1950s, the rapid urbanization of the population saw some rises in violent crime. to flow through Venezuela to markets in the United States and Europe. property thefts and muggings. Limited reports of harassment of U.S. citizens by Venezuelan airport authorities and some segments of the police do occur. The CDC offers additional information on vaccines and health guidance for Venezuela. Reported incidents were most prevalent against transgender individuals. concluded that conditions in Venezuela threaten the safety and security of “La Piedrita,” Los Tupamaros,” and “Alexis Vive”) self-identify as socialist, anti-capitalist, “anti-imperialist,” and Chavista. property crimes, violent crimes, fraud, and kidnapping). The country has one of the top five highest per capita murder rates in the world. In Baruta municipality: Las Minas, Santa Cruz del Este, Ojo de Agua, La Naya, and Las Minitas. Do not use “libre” taxis or any taxis hailed on the street. publication assesses Venezuela at Level 4, indicating travelers should not Kidnapping remains a problem in municipalities near the border with Colombia, particularly in the states of Táchira and Zulia. The Criminals often hack ATM data and use it to make unauthorized withdrawals from users’ accounts. Venezuela’s main national investigative body, CICPC is roughly equivalent to When arriving on an incoming flight, set up a meeting place inside the terminal where you can connect safely with the driver. Smart You will likely encounter individuals in The U.S. Department of Transportation has Consider Hepatitis A and B vaccines prior to travel. See CDC’s website for more information). What the article didn’t mention is that Venezuela ranks 175th in the world on economic freedom, the lowest in South America behind only Cuba. intelligence and counterintelligence agency. Crude production has fallen more than 70% since December 2014 to below 700,000 barrels of oil a day, according to OPEC data. Transit to and from Maiquetía Simón Bolívar International Airport (CCS) is risky. Those involved in an accident sometimes negotiate a settlement among themselves, or simply leave the scene, rather than wait for the police to arrive. There have also been occasional instances of armed individuals robbing airport shuttles operated by local major hotels. Because of the mountainous terrain, tunnels are an essential way to navigate the city of Caracas. The following parasitic diseases are present: Chagas; Malaria; Leishmaniasis; and Schistosomiasis. several military officers were involved in drug traffic. the drug trade by some high-level Venezuelan government officials. Last year closed with an estimated 16,506 murders and a rate of 60.3 violent deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, well above any other country in Latin America. In the 1960s following the restoration of democracy, insecurity rose when FALNleftist guerrillas participated in violent confrontations with the government, though such clashes subsided due to lack of public support for the guerrilla movement. It ranks 188 out of 190 countries overall in terms of the overall ease of doing business. The situation in Venezuela looks set to worsen in the year to come. Due Between the 1960s until the late-1980s, the murder rate stood between 8 and 10 homicide… The World Economic Forum’s 2017-2018 World The Embassy mandates that all U.S. The FAA previously assessed the government of It also supports drug recently added a kidnapping risk indicator to Venezuela’s Travel Advisory. Private travelers should prearrange airport pickup or drop-off with investigative police follow-up is intermittent and they rarely catch perpetrators infrastructure of the capital city beyond capacity. Avoid using airport taxis; taxi drivers and their accomplices The Bolivarian National Police (PNB) Find further information on the FAA’s safety The Embassy has also received occasional reports of airport officials (or individuals representing themselves as airport officials) attempting to extort money from travelers as part of the check-in or boarding process for departing flights. Competitiveness Report ranked Venezuela 127 out of 138 countries in continued prominence of pro-government gang-militias known as colectivos. The Interior Ministry reviews applications and may delay approval indefinitely. occur. Ciudad Bolívar, Venezuela. assesses Venezuela at Level 4, indicating travelers should not travel to the country due to crime, civil unrest, poor health infrastructure, kidnapping, and arbitrary arrest and detention of U.S. citizens. drink only bottled water, avoid undercooked foods, wash hands regularly, etc.). hepatitis A; hepatitis B; typhoid; rabies; and yellow fever (for travelers over Venezuela While opposition protests are highly likely to continue for some time, they will remain relatively small in scale and easily controlled by the armed forces. Report any incident to the American Citizen Services (ACS) Unit at the U.S. Embassy in Bogotá at ACSBogota@state.gov. One major area of concern is the ; and read the State Department’s webpage on, Checkpoints are common on Venezuelan roads, especially during inter-city trips. One major area of concern is the continued prominence of pro-government gang-militias known as. NGOs reported the Maduro regime systematically denied legal recognition to transgender and intersex persons by preventing them from obtaining identity documents required for accessing education, employment, housing, and health care. protests because of the lack of food and/or basic services, including the lack The Embassy has Last year closed with an estimated 16,506 murders and a rate of 60.3 violent deaths per 100,000 inhabitants, well above any other country in Latin America. demonstrations wherever they occur. Satellite Phones: Critical or Contraband? U.S. more information, please review OSAC’s Report. These black market currency As such, the city sees Additional Resource: Venezuela and plazas. Children can receive the shot beginning at two years of age (six for the oral vaccine). Venezuela is prone to earthquakes and landslides. Most ATMs do not accept U.S.-issued debit or credit cards, and malfunctions are common. CICPC and ONA frequently arrest travelers attempting to smuggle illegal drugs out of the country. If you are involved in an accident, remain at the scene unless you feel your life may be in danger. In 2018, Although vehicle All anti-corruption campaigns launched by Maduro have served as cynical maneuvering with political ends to give a rotating roster of loyalists a chance to profit from pervasive corruption rather than genuine reform efforts. Criminals target ATMs to rob people making withdrawals. 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