(ii) Hold-up unions – The unscrupulous bosses of workers’ organisations and unscrupulous employers conspire together to exploit the customers by selling their prod­ucts at very high rates; the major chunk of the money so earned goes to the pockets of these unscrupulous elements, leaving very little, if at all, for the workers. Union representation in leadership refers to the upper ranks of a union local, the union's district or council office or the national office of a labor union. The Jamshedpur Labour Union, Jamshedpur, the National Union of Municipal and General Workers, the Transport and General Workers’ Union in the UK are examples of this type of unions. They also have to follow rules about disclosing benefits that they might get from a proposed enterprise agreement that they're a bargaining representative for. I was absolutely devastated by the whole situation. Generally there are four types of trade unions are: The workers belonging to the same craft, specialized skill or same occupation can form their trade union irrespective of industry or trade they be employed. (iii) They coordinate sectional claims of different levels and different natures of employees within an industry. They usually operate machines in the production and allied departments. Trade unions: representing workers at disciplinary and grievance hearing. For example, if entire workforce of a cement industry decides to form a union consisting of workers of different craft; the union is called an industrial union. (ii) They provide needed training through apprenticeship. The principal aim is to negotiate with employer over pay, job security, working hours, etc. The main reason for the development of such industry-cum- centre union has been the concentration of certain industries in particular areas; organisation of employers in those centres has also been a contributory cause! Through joint action, they provide solid protection to workers and see that the domination of the employer over the industrial arena is contained. However is worth remembering that a representative's role during such meetings does allow them to confer with the worker during the hearing, put the worker’s case, sum up the case, respond on behalf of the worker to any view expressed at the hearing (5). The representative has to be certified in writing as having experience, or having received training, in acting as a worker's companion at disciplinary and grievance hearings. Such unions cover a single plant, e.g., a factor, a mine or a plantation. prime focus is representatives of independent trade unions in workplaces where the union is recognised for collective bargaining purposes. Paid time off extends to the representative taking part in negotiations re pay and terms and conditions, accompanying members during formal meetings such as those during the disciplinary, grievance or redundancy process. Most of the Primary Unions have developed common links amongst themselves. It is also associated with a voluntary arbitration and conciliation. Their members being educated and matured are aware of the capacity to pay off their organisa­tions and, therefore, are more reasonable while they prepare their charter of demands. Membership of union is limited geographically. But, there are certain common problems of all units of an industry. The National Commission on Labour also pointed out that, with the setting up of institutions like the wage boards and tripartite industrial committees and with greater scope given by Government for formal or informal consultations in the formulation and implementation of labour policy, have all helped in the growth of such industrial federations. If the workers of different categories form into a Union that Union is called Industrial Union. Such a union of unions is called Federations. Trade unions typically fund the formal organization, head office, and legal tea… The membership of such a union is open to all workers of all industries operating in that center and under any ownership. (i) Employer can play one union against another and can also break the unions. We … Call us for a free Consultation on: 0333 772 0611. Terms of Service 7. 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