41 in C Major, K. 551, "Jupiter" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart did not actually call his last and most famous symphony, completed on August 10, 1788, the "Jupiter." 41 in C major, K. 551, was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart on 10 August 1788. Mozart would return to Salzburg alone and … Composed in 1788, the Symphony No. PROGRAM NOTES. Nikolaus Harnoncourt argues that Mozart composed the three symphonies as a unified work, pointing, among other things, to the fact that the Symphony No. 41 in C major, "Jupiter" For many years the source of the nickname "Jupiter" for Mozart's last symphony was unknown. La Symphonie n° 41 « Jupiter » est la dernière de Mozart. 41 in C Major, K. 551, "Jupiter" Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Mozart did not actually call his last and most famous symphony, completed on August 10, 1788, the "Jupiter." 40 in G Minor, K. 550 Mozart entered this symphony in his catalog on July 25, 1788. Program notes – Glen Phillips ... Those composers wrote for the present, not the future, hence Mozart’s 41 Symphonies and Joseph Haydn’s 70-plus string quartets. PARTAGER PLAYLIST. Program Notes Today’s journey into Mozart’s compositional world includes The Marriage of Figaro Overture, the Concerto for Two Pianos, and the great “Jupiter” Symphony—examples from three of the defining genres of Mozart’s work: opera, the piano concerto, … This is a joke that had recently been made by Mozart’s friend Haydn, in his Quartet in D major (Opus 50, no.6, nicknamed the Frog); it was published in October 1787, about ten months before Mozart wrote this symphony. Certainly compared to its predecessor, the edgy, nervous Symphony No. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. Allegro vivace 2. 40 on 25 July. It rings true: the earliest concert programs to use the nickname were Scottish and English, and the first printed edition to slap the name on the title page was a piano transcription of the symphony published in London in 1823. Historical background and fascinating insights into the composition and significance of Mozart's Symphony No. The first two measures are for strings alone: first and second violins playing the melody in octaves, cellos accompanying with simple arpeggios, violas and double basses plucking pizzicatos on the opening beat of each measure. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. 41 in C major, K. 551, on 10 August 1788. 2 - Petit glossaire pour comprendre la Symphonie n° 41 de Mozart Un thème: c’est une phrase musicale sur laquelle est bâti un morceau de musique. Mozart, of course, had no idea that these would be his last symphonies. Program Notes. 40 in G Minor, K. 550 Mozart entered this symphony in his catalog on July 25, 1788. Mozart: Symphony No. THE MUSIC In the Symphony No. Victoria Symphony Virtual Season; Tickets. THE BACKSTORY Mozart’s biography contains such an amazing procession of experiences and achievements that it reads almost like an eighteenth century novel. Writing music wasn’t about expressing your emotions as much as it was crafting excellent musical structures – the composer’s own emotions were kept hidden. 41 in C major, K. 551, on 10 August 1788. A. t the end of this concert, we will hear the Symphony No. h�b```a``�b`e`��`�g@ ~�+P�����>�3c���D�Ũh�iyi�nJE������;if���� L*� Z�D1(�U��0����10�Fi �����W�q.���"�K�]|��S$�6�}]��{���aB�L�Wm���Ă2`Εd`�Ҍ@� � XD0? The Trio section plays a joke on listeners by (as musicologist Peter Brown put it) “having the end of the phrase precede its beginning”; that is to say, the opening notes of each phrase sounds like a concluding cadence, while the notes that follow sound like they are revving up for that conclusion—whereas they themselves end up being the end. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart: Sinfonía nº 41, en do mayor, K 551 "Júpiter". The first and second movements both included passages in which the bass line descended by chromatic steps. Symphony No. Since he didn’t, these three works stand as the summa of his achievement in symphonic music, and in their strikingly different characters we glimpse not only a drawing together of strands of development that had enriched his orchestral music to that point but also hints of what the future might have held. RACHMANINOFF AND MOZART - NOVEMBER 11, 12 & 13 The White Peacock C H A RL E S TO M L I N S ON G R IFFES Born September … PROGRAM: A TANGO WITH MOZART. WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART . As with all his works, Mozart’s symphonies were generally written “upon demand,” for a specific purpose or event. Now it holds pride of place, at first on its own, then in counterpoint with itself. Revelation stands on every ensuing page. In the Menuetto, a descending line with a related chromatic curve stakes its place at the top of the texture, and Mozart ends up developing it into a serpentine canon for woodwinds. Saturday, January 19 at 8PM and Sunday, January 20 at 4PM, at the Lesher Center in Walnut Creek . 39 was completed on 26 June and No. Symphony No. Program Notes : By Jason Sundram : Symphony #31 in D major Paris K. 297 (300a) (1778) Program Notes Home: Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (January 27, 1756–December 5, 1791) Allegro; Andante; Allegro; In the summer of 1778, Mozart and his mother left Salzburg on a fateful journey to Paris, in search of a salaried position for 22-year-old Wolfgang. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” Program Notes + Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges Overture to “L’Amant Anonyme” Back in the second half of the 1700s, Joseph Bologne, Chevalier de Saint-Georges, was the talk of Paris. Shostakovich’s Symphony No. 41 in C Major, K. 551, “Jupiter” 1. Symphony No. Home; Concerts. Violins install mutes for the slow movement (Andante cantabile), yielding a veiled timbre. %PDF-1.6 %���� 41 in C major, K. 551, (Jupiter) by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791 ) Duration: Approximately 31 minutes First Performance: unknown - c. 1788 Last ESO Performance: April, 2012; Jaime Laredo, conductor Program Notes by Daniel Maki. Saint-Saëns’ Cello Concerto No. Other themes make their entrances one by one—not extended melodies so much as fleeting motifs, yet Mozart gives them all enough play to lend them familiarity. For Piano (Meves) Complete Score * #107362 - 2.69MB, 23 pp. The orchestra at first carries over the same idea in its orchestration, but it quickly gives this up as the development launches into an imaginative harmonic exploration that includes impressive touches of counterpoint. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart completed his Symphony No. Symphony 39 is one of my favourite Mozart pieces. His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. This website uses cookies. WILLIAM GRANT STILL: Mother and Child. Mozart’s final three symphonies – Nos. It makes vivid the mathematical sublime.” That climax may be viewed as looking both backward, to the sort of contrapuntal virtuosity we associate with Bach and Handel, and forward, to the dramatic power of fugue as demonstrated in many of the greatest compositions of Beethoven. An invigorating first movement predominates, followed by a … The symphony, in three movements, contains references to liturgical melodies. Symphony No. W. A. MOZART Symphony No. From the heroic opening From the heroic opening flourishes of the Allegro vivace to the triumphant five-part fugato near the end of the fourth movement Molto Allegro, the piece bubbles over with Mozart’s high spirits and compositional genius. Program Notes—A TANGO WITH MOZART. As with so many musical nicknames, this one did not originate with the composer. 41, as the final work, has no introduction (unlike No. Its emotional range is wide indeed, prefiguring the vast expressive canvas that would emerge in the symphonies of Beethoven. It reveals vistas of contrapuntal infinity. ... Sinfonie in E-flat KV 543: Score and critical report (in German) in the Neue Mozart-Ausgabe; Symphony No. It all passes quickly, leaving a listener amazed but bereft of the possibility of pondering what is happening while it is going on. 26 for performance during the observance of Easter. endstream endobj startxref 41 in C Major, K. 551 | Runyan Program Notes 33. No. 1, written nearly 90 years after Mozart’s final Symphony, represents the 19th century. K. 550 has always attracted attention and comment. 33. 41, Jupiter. for piano, flute, violin, and cello that was issued by Chappell in 1823. 41 - Jupiter” (Nikolaus Harnoncourt, 1982) With the mystifying disaster that was Vienna’s disdain for Don Giovanni, closing after only 15 performances, Mozart’s debts accrued beyond control. Mozart: Symphony No. 41, the so-called “Jupiter” Symphony, by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756–1791). 41 is the last of a set of three that Mozart composed in rapid succession during the summer of 1788. If you can improve it, please do. Misc. Notes Possibly a pirated ed. Historical background and fascinating insights into the composition and significance of Mozart's Symphony No. 0 Mozart wrote only two symphonies in a minor key, one in 1773 and the other in 1788. Died December 5, 1791, Vienna, Austria. 39 around the beginning of June, not quite a month after Don Giovanni was granted a lukewarm reception at its Vienna premiere, and went on to complete the succeeding symphonies on July 25 and August 10. Michael Steinberg, the San Francisco Symphony’s program annotator from 1979 to 1999 and a contributing writer to our program book until his death in 2009, was one of the nation’s pre-eminent writers on music. His books are available at the Symphony Store in Davies Symphony Hall. On désigna par « tête de thème » (ou « incipit ») les 2 ou 3 premières notes d’un thème. The “Jupiter” has the traditional four movements of the Classical symphony. Box Office: Grove Street, between Van Ness and Franklin, Mozart: Symphony No. 41, was written in just 16 days. Today’s “Haffner” Symphony, one of Mozart’s greatest masterpieces, was composed with a special celerity. This only added to his grief over his infant daughter’s … Analysts have sometimes described this movement as being rooted in the sarabande, a French courtly dance of the Baroque. No. In the summer of 1783, Mozart brought his new wife Constanze to meet his father and sister in Salzburg. MOST RECENT—March 2016. 36 (“Linz”), K. 425. Mozart composed the Symphony No. endstream endobj 41 0 obj <> endobj 42 0 obj <. MOZART: Jupiter Symphony. Wagner is perhaps best-known for his grand operatic works, but his Siegfried Idyll, a symphonic poem for chamber orchestra, reflects a gentle, tender side of the composer. The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair. The opening Allegro starts out with a definitive statement from the whole orchestra, followed by a more lyrical theme in the strings. Almost incredibly, all three were produced in the space of about nine weeks, in the summer of 1788: he began his Symphony No. - 0.0/10 2 4 6 8 10 (-) - V / V / V - 4635×⇩ - Caprotti. 40 was completed on 25 July and No. Molto allegro. 39) but has a grand finale. 41, Mozart seems intent on showing off his sheer brilliance as a composer. Each is a very full-scale work, comprising the standard four movements of the late-Classical symphony. He was the head of music for the immensely wealthy Esterházy family in modern-day Austria, writing and directing for their bustling cultural life. F.J. HAYDN (1732-1809) Symphony No. Menuetto: Allegretto 4. The concert ends with a work that, in its final movement, miraculously combines the fugal rigor of the Beethoven with the lightness of spirit represented by the Higdon—the Symphony No. In late July of 1782, Mozart was at work on a wind-band arrangement of the orchestral parts of his recently premiered Opera, The Abduction from the Seraglio , when he received a letter from his father in Salzburg with a commission for a Serenade for some friends, the Haffners. 10 is a very special piece for me. The Marianne Williams Tobias Program Note Annotator Chair. Its emotional range is wide indeed, prefiguring the vast expressive canvas that would emerge in the symphonies of Beethoven. Learn More. The longest and last symphony that he composed, it is regarded by many critics as among the greatest symphonies in classical music. Program Notes: Mozart & Beethoven. VIDEO. Symphony No. The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony. Even for Mozart this rate of output is remarkable, especially given the high quality of all three works. Program Notes by Don Adkins! WILLIAM GRANT STILL: Mother and Child. 40 on 25 July. His book Chamber Music: A Listener’s Guide (Oxford University Press) is now also available as an e-book and as an Oxford paperback. About 'Symphony No.41 in C Major (Jupiter), K.551 1st Movement' Artist: Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus (sheet music) Born: January 27, 1756 , December 5, 1791 Died: Salzburg , Vienna The Artist: A child prodigy, Mozart wrote his first symphony when he was eight years old and his first opera at 12. Son surnom n'est pas de Mozart mais de l'organisateur de concerts contemporain Johann Peter Salomon et apparaît pour la première fois lors d'un concert en Écosse en 1819. Symphony No. … The work is nicknamed the Jupiter Symphony, likely coined by the impresario Johann Peter Salomon. Near the exposition’s end Mozart injects the last of numerous themes to populate this movement, a lighthearted, skipping tune (self-borrowed from his concert aria “Un bacio di mano”) that, for all its simplicity, reveals a brilliant touch of orchestration. Ticket Information; Season Subscriptions In fact, he has already stated it, in the Trio of the Menuetto, where we are not likely to have paid much attention to it. 40 in G Minor, K. 550 WOLFGANG AMADEUS MOZART BORN January 27, 1756, in Salzburg; died December 5, 1791, in Vienna James M. Keller is Program Annotator of the San Francisco Symphony and the New York Philharmonic. Purchase: Javascript is required for this feature. Mozart’s Symphony No. The coda thus creates a cognitive exhaustion born of sheer magnitude. The summer of 1788 was a grim one for Mozart, marked by financial problems and the death of his six year old daughter Theresia. 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